Become a Member

Get access to more than 30 brands, premium video, exclusive content, events, mapping, and more.

Already have an account? Sign In

Become a Member

Get access to more than 30 brands, premium video, exclusive content, events, mapping, and more.

Already have an account? Sign In

Brands

Training Advice for Women

The One-Week Push-and-Pull Split

Maximize your time at the gym by switching to a push-and-pull split.

Lock Icon

Become a member to unlock this story and receive other great perks.

Already have an Outside Account? Sign in

Outside+ Logo

All Access
40% off Eclipse Sale
$1.14 / week*

  • A $500 value with everything in the Print + Digital Plan plus 25+ benefits including:
  • Member-only content on all 17 publications in the Outside network like Vegetarian Times, Better Nutrition, Yoga Journal, Outside and more
  • More than 100 diet-specific meal plans
  • Today’s Plan training platform with customized programs
  • Exclusive discounts on gear, travel, and race-entry fees
  • Premium access to Outside TV Shows, Films, and documentaries
  • Annual subscription to Outside magazine
Join Outside+
Oxygen Mag

Print + Digital
50% Off Holiday Sale
$0.50 / week*

  • Annual subscription to a magazine from the Outside Network such as Clean Eating
  • Ad-free access to all member-exclusive content on OxygenMag.com
  • Weekly member newsletter
  • One annual free fitness course
  • Targeted workout series
Join Oxygen

*Outside memberships are billed annually. Print subscriptions available to U.S. residents only. You may cancel your membership at anytime, but no refunds will be issued for payments already made. Upon cancellation, you will have access to your membership through the end of your paid year. More Details

Have you ever considered switching to a push-pull split? Having a day at the gym dedicated to a glorified “shoulder workout” is becoming an ancient artifact of the weight room. The solution? Push-pull. 

This methodology gets the muscles of your body working synergistically across a week of training rather than working each group on its own. The push refers to exercises that involve the chest, triceps, shoulders and quads, while the pull involves forearms, biceps, hamstrings and back. When you organize a training session in this way, you use your agonist muscles (the muscle that is contracting) while its direct opposite (the antagonist) is relaxed.

An easy example of this is the way biceps and triceps work together: While the biceps is contracting, the triceps is relaxing. Splitting muscle groups in this way prevents overtraining while still performing compound functional movements. Compound lifts are exercises that allow you to engage two or more muscle groups at the same time. This “split” allows for adequate recovery and decreases the risk of injury while also maximizing your training capacity in the gym.

Research highlights the effectiveness of multi-joint resistance training and the benefits of muscle size and strength — especially in women — to build a better physique, decrease the risk of osteoporosis and improve metabolic function (just to name a few). The push-pull split capitalizes on the body’s ability to create muscle adaption and hypertrophy (read: growth) while still allowing it to recover. 

An example of how to organize your workout on a pushing day would be to focus on chest, shoulders, quads and triceps. A pulling day would focus on back (middle, upper, lower traps and rhomboids), biceps and hamstrings. Each of these muscle groups can be trained twice per week with a total of four training days. 

In the following example, we’re working the upper body and lower body. In doing so, you will burn more calories and use compound movements.

The 4-Day Push-Pull Split

Complete the prescribed sets and reps in each routine, taking a 60- to 90-second rest between sets during all workouts.

Day 1: Push

Exercise Sets Reps
Barbell or Dumbbell Bench Press 4 6-8
Dumbbell Curtsy Lunge 4 8-10 (each leg)
Bench or Ring Dip 4 8-10
Barbell Strict Press 4 6-8
Sled Push 2 50 meters (rest as needed between sets)
Single-Leg V-Up 4 20

Day 2: Pull

Exercise Sets Reps
Barbell Pendlay Row 3 12
Prone Resistance-Band Hamstring Curl 3 20
Banded Face Pull 3 20
Dumbbell Reverse Flye 3 12
Dumbbell Hammer Curl 3 12-15

Day 3: Push

Exercise Sets Reps
Landmine Single-Arm Shoulder Press 3 12 (each side)
Barbell Reverse Lunge 3 10-12 (each leg)
Deficit Push-Up* 3 AMRAP**
Barbell Triceps Extension 3 10-12
Side-Plank Dip 3 15-second hold (each side)

*Perform with plates or with the hardest variation of push-ups you can manage. To modify, use plates or a box.

**AMRAP = as many reps as possible

Day 4: Pull

Exercise Sets Reps
Pull-Up (weighted or the toughest variation you can) 4 5-10
Barbell Romanian Deadlift 4 8-10
Chest-Supported Dumbbell Row 4 8-10
Supinated Barbell Biceps Curl 4 8-10
Hanging Leg Raise 4 6-12